GENOCIDE: the deliberate killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group.
MUNDANE: common; ordinary; banal; unimaginative.
Ex. Mundane matters such as paying bills and shopping for food do not interest her.
ABOUT + INFINITIVE: very close to doing something.
Ex. The chorus is about to sing.
TO RECOVER: to get back something lost or spent.
Ex. We have to recover the stolen watch.
GRAVE: a hole in the ground for burying a dead body.
CIVILIAN: a person who is not a member of the police or the armed forces.
Ex. What is more, bombs have been directed at civilian targets, in flagrant violation of the international humanitarian law.
FORENSICS: the study or science of solving crimes by using scientific knowledge or methods.
TOWARDS: in the direction of.
Ex. The bus is heading towards town.
REMNANT: the part of something that is left when the other parts are gone.
TO FADE: to (cause to) lose colour, brightness, or strength gradually.
Ex. These dreams of yours fade like smoke.
EVIDENCE: material that is presented to a court of law to help find the truth about something.
OUT OF SIGHT OUT OF MIND: The idea that something is easily forgotten or dismissed as unimportant if it is not in our direct view.
UNBIASED: fair; impartial.
Ex. By all accounts, Mr. Smith appears to be an unbiased expert in his field.
AWARENESS: knowledge that something exists, or understanding of a situation or subject at the present time based on information or experience.
Ex. To do this requires considerable awareness and commitment.
TO DECAY: to become decomposed; rot; to deteriorate.
Ex. The bodies buried in the fine ash slowly decayed.
Downloadable PDF version:EVERYDAY OBJECTS, TRAGIC HISTORIES – Ziyah Gafić – TED Talks – Vocabulary
Video without subtitles:
Video with English subtitles:
Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words from the box
1. These are simple objects: clocks, keys, ________________, glasses.
2. We are all familiar with these ________________, everyday objects.
3. The fact that some of the ________________ carried personal ________________ such as toothpaste and a toothbrush is a clear sign they had no idea what was about to happen to them.
4. These items have been recovered from numerous mass ________________ across my homeland, and as we speak, forensics are ________________bodies from newly discovered mass graves, 20 years after the war.
5. During the four years of conflict that devastated the Bosnian nation in the early ’90s, approximately 30,000 citizens, mainly ________________, went missing, presumed killed, and another 100,000 were killed during combat operations.
6. Most of them were killed either in the early days of the war or________________the end of the hostilities, when U.N. safe zones like Srebrenica fell into the hands of the Serb army.
7. The international criminal tribunal delivered a number of sentences for crimes against humanity and ________________.
8. Genocide is not only about the killing; it is about the denied ________________.
9. These items are ________________ from numerous mass graves, and the main goal of this collection of the items is a unique process of ________________ those who disappeared in the killings, the first act of genocide on European soil since the Holocaust.
10. Thousands of artifacts are packed in white plastic ________________ just like the ones you see on CSI. These objects are used as a forensic tool in visual identification of the victims, but they are also used as very valuable forensic ________________ in the ongoing war crimes trials.
11. Once the ________________ and doctors and lawyers are done with these objects, they become orphans of the narrative. Many of them get destroyed, believe it or not, or they get simply shelved, out of sight and out of ________________.
12. Once all the missing persons are identified, only ________________ bodies in their graves and these everyday items will remain.
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): EVERYDAY OBJECTS, TRAGIC HISTORIES – Ziyah Gafić – Fill in the gaps
Downloadable PDF version (answers):EVERYDAY OBJECTS, TRAGIC HISTORIES – Ziyah Gafić – TED Talks – Answers
More example sentences from the web:
- The building shall be declared a historic landmark.
- Everyone wants to visit The Statue of Liberty, The Empire State Building, Grand Central Terminal and the Brooklyn Bridge as famous, and historic, New York City landmarks.
Over the years, however, newer NYC landmarks have become must-see tourist destinations, such as the National September 11 Memorial, Apollo Theater,and the East Village/Lower East Side Historic District. (Source)
Example sentences from the web:
- We are proud of this landmark in the history of our democracy.
- The cold war is a landmark that signals the dawning of the information age.
- The moon landing is a landmark in space exploration.
Another way to say it is TO HIT THE SACK ;-).
This is a nice comic on this idiom made by Ploopikoosy:
More example sentences from the web:
- I have a busy day tomorrow, so I think I’ll hit the hay.
- Time to go home and hit the hay!
- I’m tired, I’m gonna hit the hay.
- Well, I’m going to hit the hay, I’m feeling pretty tired. Good night!
Here, you can read about the origin of this idiom: The meaning and origin of the expression: Hit the hay
This is a listening activity based on the AJ+ video “The Story Behind Your Bowl Of Ramen Noodles”. I suggest that you read the following vocabulary list before watching the video. Then, watch the video and try to complete the sentences with the correct word from the box.
Migrant: a person who goes from one place to another especially to find work.
Ex. Economic migrants move abroad to escape poverty and improve their financial condition.
Labor: workers considered as a group.
Ex. We had this huge harvest, so we had to hire all this cheap labor.
Shortage: a state in which there is not enough of something that is needed.
Ex. In many European countries, agricultural businesses complain about the shortage of skilled workers.
Consumption: the act of eating or drinking something.
Ex. Alcohol consumption constitutes a major danger to road safety.
Uprising: an act of resistance or rebellion; a revolt.
Ex. He weighed 38 kilos when he escaped from prison during the 1956 Hungarian uprising and fled to the Netherlands.
To lead: to lie or go in a specified direction.
Ex. This way will lead us to the main entrance for sure.
Affordable: inexpensive; reasonably priced.
Ex. Railways have many benefits, as travelling by rail is affordable and environmentally friendly.
Lifestyle: the way a person lives or a group of people live.
Ex. Technology, the internet, they have changed our lifestyle.
Quintessential: the most important part of something.
Ex. Sheep’s milk cheese is the quintessential Corsican cheese.
Dorm: informal, short for dormitory.
Wildfire/ like wildfire: (informal) very quickly.
Ex. The news had spread like wildfire.
To devour: eat hungrily or quickly.
Downloadable PDF version: The Story Behind Your Bowl Of Ramen – Vocabulary
Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct word from the box
- This signature Japanese ___________ is now an international favorite.
- Ramen as we know it comes from Japan but its popularity in the country is actually ___________ new.
- Then Japan entered World War II which led to major food ___________ across the country and ramen’s popularity pretty much disappeared.
- When the war ended the US occupied Japan and imported a whole lot of wheat to the country, leading to more noodle _____________________.
- And one reason why there was so much ______________ imported was because there was a fear that food shortages could lead to _________________uprising.
- After those really hard times, from the 1950s to 1970s Japan went through an _____________________ boom.
- And busy lifestyles led to the creation ________________ ramen in the 1950s.
- Then in the 1970s the super convenient just add water ________________ dorm food cup of noodles was made and it took off like ________________ in Japan and internationally.
- But it wasn’t until the 1980s that ramen actually became an_______________ part of Japanese culture.
- Today the love for ramen is real in Japan and what was once a working men’s food is now a ___________________ love and __________________ dish around the world.
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): The Story Behind Your Bowl Of Ramen Noodles – AJ+ – Fill in the gaps exercise
Downloadable PDF version (answers): The Story Behind Your Bowl Of Ramen Noodles – AJ+ – Exercise’s answers
Wealthy: having a lot of money and possessions.
Ex. The fisheries sector may experience temporary crises even in some relatively wealthy countries.
To struggle: to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something.
Ex. The police report even said that she struggled with her assailant and broke a few fingernails.
To afford: to be able to buy or do something because you have enough money or time.
Ex. Tom told me that he couldn’t afford another divorce.
Deprivation: a situation in which you do not have things or conditions that are usually considered necessary for a pleasant life.
Ex. She is studying the effects of sleep deprivation.
To feed: to give food to.
Ex. I usually feed the neighbour’s cat while she’s away.
Malnourished: not eating enough food or not eating enough healthy food.
Ex. Malnourished children experience developmental delays, weight-loss and illness as a result of inadequate intake of protein, calories, and other nutrients.
Fossil fuel: any combustible organic material, as oil, coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of former life.
Ex. Brown coal is the only source of fossil fuel available in Slovenia.
Blemished: to make (something) imperfect or less beautiful; to hurt or damage the good condition of (something).
Ex. The book is blemished by those long, ineffective descriptions.
Supplier: a company, person, etc. that provides things that people want or need, especially over a long period of time.
Ex. Electricity customers should be able to choose their supplier freely.
To dump: to throw away or discard (garbage, etc.).
Ex. The company dumped the toxic wastes into this canal.
To overflow: to flow over the edge or top of (something).
Ex. The river overflowed its banks.
Complicit: involved with others in reprehensible or illegal activity.
Ex. She was accused of being complicit in her husband’s death.
To use up: to finish a supply of something.
Ex. I’m sorry, I’ve used up all the milk.
Dumpster: a large metal container into which people put unwanted objects or building or garden waste, and which is brought to and taken away from a place by a special truck when people ask for it.
Ex. I found your dad’s toolbox in the dumpster out back.
To toss: to throw, esp. lightly or carelessly.
Ex. She came in and tossed her coat on the chair.
Retailer: a person or business that sells things directly to customers for their own use.
Ex. The company is a leading retailer of women’s clothing.
Livestock: the horses, cattle, sheep, and other useful animals kept or raised on a farm or ranch.
Ex. This is a market where livestock is bought and sold.
Subsidy: money that is paid usually by a government to keep the price of a product or service low or to help a business or organization to continue to function.
Ex. The planned subsidy is EUR 3.3 million.
Downloadable PDV version: Why are we wasting so much food – vocabulary – Free English Materials For You
Answer the following questions:
- How much food does the world waste?
- What do you need to grow food?
- What are the foundations of our food system?
- Why can’t farmers sell all of what they have grown?
- What is the image created by supermarkets?
- How are redistributed some of this nutritious surplus?
- How should governments use the subsidies they offer?
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Listening Comprehension
Downloadable PDF version (with answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Vocabulary
Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words from the list below:
retailers – 30% – overflowing – wealthiest – fossil fuels – subsidies – feed – tossed – struggle – consumption – grown – customers – farmers – 1982 – wasted – tossing
- Even in the _____________nations millions suffer from food poverty.
- One in four Americans says they _________________to afford food.
- Over _________________ of America’s food or a hundred and sixty billion dollars worth get _________________ just by grocery stores and their customers.
- Growing food demands land, water, ________________, and soil.
- The tragedy is that some farmers can’t sell half of what they’ve____________ due to cosmetic standards dictated by supermarkets.
- Supermarkets purposefully create an image of
- […] meanwhile, over cautious date labels confused and frightened ______________ so they out what is still good to eat.
- From _____________to 2002, the average pizza slice grew 70% in calories and the average chocolate chip cookie quadrupled.
- Food donations from and restaurants are proven ways of redistributing some of this nutritious surplus while is still fit for .
- Instead of ________________ this food, supermarkets manufactures and caters must be pushed to directed charities that _____________ hungry people.
- Governments should use the vast ______________ they offer to incentivize to look after the land in ways that protect the planet.
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Fill in the gaps exercise (without answers)
Downloadable PDF version (answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Fill in the gaps exercise (answers)
Example sentences from the web:
- You are worlds apart from those men in the desert.
- Your ideas and mine are worlds apart.
- They are worlds apart in their political views.
“Be worlds apart” in the news: