Running – Visual vocabulary
TO PUT UP WITH – PHRASAL VERB
- I will not put up with your terrible behaviour!
- She had no choice, she had to put up with that cold.
- I can’t put up with your constant whining.
Parliamentary Debates (New Zeland)
4 Truths About Women Who Put Up Emotional Walls
Get These Blues Off Me – B.B. KING
Please don’t be angry with me cause I’ve gone away
I’ve told you about your mistakes
But you didn’t hear a word I said
I’m so tired of worrying
I don’t know just what to do
I’m sorry baby
I just can’t put up with you
I’ve tried to please you
But you just wasn’t satisfied with me
Well I tried to please you
You just wasn’t satisfied with me
I’ve had to do it ever since I met you
Now you ought to be free
Get These Blues Off Me
To run out of something – PHRASAL VERB
TO RUN OUT OF SOMETHING => to finish something.
BUSTLING – VOCABULARY (Advanced)
I love this country and relish the opportunity to touch the stones and buildings that have seen so much history, but whenever I visit, I have a hard time getting past the reality of the city I see before me. Each time I want it to be the way I’ve imagined it: grand yet quaint, bustling but without the tourists, and entirely old.
For the more adventurous: I went, on several recommendations, to Roast in Borough Market, which, on a Friday, is a wonderful experience. The bustling market is just waking up and delicious food is sold all around as you enter.
Winter vocabulary – ADVANCED
Useful vocabulary for advanced learners:
TO BUNDLE UP => (PHRASAL VERB) If you bundle up, you wear a lot of clothes, usually because of cold weather.
ICICLE => a long pointed piece of ice hanging down from a surface.
In the picture, you can see a SNOWPLOUGH (in American English SNOWPLOW), a vehicle used to push snow off roads, called also just PLOUGH. This is also the name of a farming tool:
Dangerously cold weather is enveloping more than half of the US – ABC News
The following listening activity is based on an ABS News video. If you are preparing for IELTS or CAE this will be a great exercise to test not only your listening comprehension but your vocabulary knowledge too. The video is about the frigid conditions in the US at the end of December.
Before watching the video, read the following words and try to guess their meaning if you don’t know it yet.
SKIN – THREATENING – BUNDLED – PLOUGH – FORECAST – TO DIG – COLD SNAP – SNOW BLOWER – ICICLES – DANGEROUS CHILL – TO TURN – DEADLY – UNBEARABLE – TO DUMP – OVERFLOWING – TO DROP
After that, try to fill in the gaps (you have to conjugate the verbs), even not knowing the meaning of all the words. Think if the missing word is a verb, a noun, an adverb, or an adjective, this will help you.
The following step will be watching the video. This isn’t an easy one, they all speak really fast, so probably you won’t be able to fill in the gaps while watching the first time.
You can find the answers in the PDF file.
SKIN – THREATENING – BUNDLED – PLOUGH – FORECAST – TO DIG – COLD SNAP – SNOW BLOWER – ICICLES – DANGEROUS CHILL – TO TURN – DEADLY – UNBEARABLE – TO DUMP – OVERFLOWING – DROP
- We begin with that ___________________________ taking hold of half the country tonight.
- Part of Pennsylvania and New York still _____________________ out from under five feet.
- And now the Arctic invasion across most of the lower 48 states. This fountain you
see right there behind New York Public Library, mostly ___________________ to ice.
- And take a look at the _____________________ for New Year’s Eve, the coldest in more than 50 years.
- When the ball ___________________ in Time Square the wind chill could meet minus 4 and for millions feeling the cold there’s much worse snow in the forecast as well.
- Tonight the 200 million Americans _____________________ from head to toe.
- That dangerous ________________________gripping more than half the country.
- The cold could be __________________, especially for the very young and the very old.
- Extreme weather is more than an inconvenience, it remains a serious and
potentially life _________________________
- Shelters __________________________ with people trying to escape the frigid temperatures.
- And in Cotton, Minnesota, an _______________________ 41° below 0.
- It feels like your __________________ is gonna be on fire.
- Dave S. had to hire a ___________________ to unbury his car.
- Heavy snow packed on rooftops, ______________________ nearly everywhere you look.
- N. today pushing his _________________________ clearing his home.
- All day truck after truck, we’ve seen them coming here, ______________________ their loads. Some of these piles are 12 feet high.
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): Listening activity – weather vocabulary – Free English Materials For You
Downloadable PDF version (answers): Listening activity – weather vocabulary – Free English Materials For You – answers
Listening activity – “This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water”
The following activity is based on a short documentary published on the YouTube channel Stories, and its theme is VERTICAL FARMING as a way to reduce water usage and contamination.
Before watching the video I suggest that you read the vocabulary list, you can also download it (PDF file).
- LEAFY: having a lot of leaves.
- HUGE: very large in size, amount o degree.
- MASSIVE: very large and heavy.
Ex. Falkirk Wheelis a massive boat lift in Scotland.
- INDOOR: used, located, done or happening inside a building.
An indoor field
- NUTRITIOUS: having substances that a person or animal needs to stay healthy and grow properly.
- CROP: a plant that is grown by farmers and used as food.
- TO STACK: to make things into a neat pile.
Insulated food storage containers are stacked for loading onto Red Cross ERVs and Salvation Army canteens.
- ROOT: the part of a plant that grows underground.
- TO MIST: to cover something with very small drops of liquid in order to keep it wet.
Ex. These plants have to be misted regularly.
- ROW: a line of things or people next to each other.
- TREND: a general direction in which a situation is changing or developing.
Ex. Investments showed a positive trend over the period considered.
- TO FEED (FED/FED): to give food to a person or an animal.
- OVERPOPULATED: with too many people leaving in it.
- TO SPROUT: to appear suddenly and in large numbers.
Ex. New houses are sprouting everywhere these days.
- STEEL: strong metal that can be shaped easily.
- MILL: a factory that produces a particular type of material; a building fitted with machinery for grinding grain into flour.
- TOUGH: very difficult to deal with; physically and emotionally strong.
Ex. Karen’s last pregnancy was tough.
- STRIVE: to try very hard to achieve something.
Ex. I enjoy watching people strive for their dreams.
- LANDFILL: a place where waste is buried under the ground.
PDF version: This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water – Vocabulary – Free English Materials For You
Fill in the gaps in the following sentences while listening:
NARRATOR: You can’t see it on the outside, but this old industrial neighborhood is an agricultural oasis. Inside this former laser tag arena, about 250 kinds of ______________ greens are growing in _______________ quantities, to be sold to local supermarkets and restaurants. This is AeroFarms, a massive ______________ vertical farm in Newark, New Jersey.
DAVID ROSENBERG: Our mission is to build farms in cities all over the world so people have access to ______________, great tasting, highly __________________food.
NARRATOR: ______________ are stacked more than 30 feet high inside this 30,000 square foot space. They’re grown using aeroponic technology.
DAVID ROSENBERG: Typically in indoor growing, the ______________sit in water and one tries to oxygenate the water. Our key inventor realized that if we mist nutrition to the root structure, then the roots have a better oxygenation.
NARRATOR: AeroFarms says the root misting system allows them to use 95% less water than a regular field farm. They also use no pesticides or herbicides. Instead of soil, plants are grown in reusable cloth, made from recycled plastic. And ___________________the sun, there are ______________________of specialized LED lighting.
DAVID ROSENBERG: A lot of people say, sunless? Wait, plants need sun. In fact, the plants don’t need yellow spectrum, so we’re able to reduce our energy footprint by doing things like reducing certain types of spectrum.
NARRATOR: This sophisticated climate controlled system ______________ the growing cycle in half, so crops can be grown all year round, but with a much smaller ______________on the environment.
DAVID ROSENBERG: There are all these stresses on our planet. 70% of our fresh water contamination comes from agriculture. 70% of our fresh water usage goes to agriculture. One third of our arable land has been degraded in the last 40 years. All these macro trends point to the fact that we need a new way to feed our planet.
NARRATOR: One of the early champions of vertical farming is Columbia University ecologist Dickson Despommier. In 1999, Despommier and his students proposed that vertical farms could ___________ ___________________ cities while using less land and less water. They would also cut greenhouse gases by eliminating the need to transport food over long distances. And the idea is finally taking root. Over the past few years, vertical farms have sprouted all over the world, including in Vancouver, Singapore, Panama, the UK, and around the US. Here in Newark, AeroFarms is building out another new farm in a former steel mill, one that’s bigger than a football field. Once it’s fully operational, it’s expected to produce two million pounds of greens a year– all grown vertically.
DAVID ROSENBERG: We listen to the plants very carefully to try and understand what they’re telling us and try and optimize all these different qualities of the plant. It’s a ______________ business, but it’s one that’s going to stay and it’s going to have a bigger and bigger impact.
NARRATOR: Do you think vertical farms will help solve our food production problems?Let us know in the comments below. And check out this next episode to see how this major US city is _________________ to become zero waste.
ROBERT REED: When I started at Recology 23 years ago, the recycling rate was around 38%. Today, we’ve more than __________________that.
NARRATOR: So far, San Francisco has diverted 80% of its waste away from landfills, and its success has been getting global attention.
PDF version (without key): This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water – Fill in the gaps
PDF version (KEY): This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water – KEY
The Future of E-Learning – By Lingoda experts
Throughout recent years technology and the internet have played a major influence in our everyday lives. Social media networks, such as Facebook and Instagram, have allowed minimal communication to be delivered in the most figurative way (e.g. “like” or a “heart). People are now used to having access to nearly everything in the palm of their hands, anywhere at any time. This creates an enormous pressure for other industries, such as of education, to catch up with today’s society demand.
E-learning is the perfect example of how offline education is losing the terrain. People want quicker and faster results, especially when it comes to developing new skills. For many, e-learning has liberated the educational processes. Studying has become more affordable, fun and accessible to everyone. Honored university institutions, such as YALE and LSE, are more accessible, rather than paying for the whole degree people are now allowed to choose the course they want to study and the time they want to spend on it.
3 Types of E-Learning Tools
There are three main types of e-learning tools, which are as the following:
Learning with the help of apps turns the educational process into a game. Video and interactive activities boost hand-eye coordination and enhance IQ and brain power. Often the games offer trophies points, badges and leader points that drive learners to reach certain levels like key lessons or topics.
The data collected via Content Management Systems (CMSs) or either Learning Management Systems (LMSs) help learners to interact with different learning programs. Such systems are the centralized sources of learning with tracking and reporting features that allow tracking the scores.
The less widespread but most futuristic tool to learn. The learners interact with the subject in a dynamic way, the 3D and real-time simulation helps immerse the subject in an incredible experience.
All the upcoming changes in e-learning would be based on the listed tools. With all current trends and the development of these technologies, we can assume that there eventually will be a world where everyone will have access to education and learning would feel more like a game. What definitely would not change in the next few decades is the approach of learning. If we stay realistic, learning will still involve the emotional aspect in the process: absorbing information, dealing with it, experiencing it and then reproducing it. Thus, the teachers, professors, and principals should not worry about their jobs, eLearning is not going to replace them, at least yet. However, the role of the teacher could expect some changes. Instead of being the transmitter of knowledge, the teacher may become a facilitator and motivator. He still would create the content, organize the flow and make sure that students are staying on-track but probably will be less involved in the learning process. All these processes would make eLearning only more exciting, easy and accessible.
Although e-learning is constantly striving to feed our needs, not everyone knows how to manage technology accordingly. As a result, most people who have neither access nor the necessary skills to use e-learning tools are set to be in a disadvantaged position. These results should focus on tools that are easily manageable or on tools that are unique to the e-learning experience. That is why it is important to make sure that e-learning does not become a classist system, but a method of integration that is beneficial to everyone.
This article was written by Lingoda experts
What is your opinion on this topic? Share it with us!
PAST SIMPLE – WHEN TO USE IT + SPELLING RULES
We use this tense:
- to talk about events or actions that happened in the past which have no connection to the present:
Ex. She wrote the letter on Wednesday. (Today is Monday)
- to talk about a finished action in someone’s life:
Ex. Mary’s uncle went to Spain twice. (Mary’s uncle is dead)
- to tell a story or a series of single past completed events or actions:
Ex. I went to the library, then I looked for the books I needed to write the essay, I read them, and, finally, I started writing it.
- to talk about habits in the past:
Ex. When I was a teenager I visited my uncle twice a week.
- to talk about past facts or generalisations:
Ex. People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.
- with a finished time word (yesterday, last week, last month, in 2002, etc.) but no time reference is necessary if it is already known:
- Ex. It was very cold yesterday.
- to talk about long-term situations in the past which are no longer true:
Ex. She worked at the hospital for over fifteen years.
C= CONSONANT V = VOWEL