When one verb is followed by another, we use the -ing form or the infinitive (with or without to. The form of the second verb depends on the first verb ;-).
Let’s learn them!
I hope this post helps you :-).
PDF version: verb+ to infinitive
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VERB + TO INFINITIVE
- (CAN/CAN’T) AFFORD
- (CAN’T) WAIT
- She can’t afford to lose that vote.
- They agree to leave at 10:30 am.
- * They agree (that) they would leave at 10:30 am.
- We aim to launch next year.
- Keep me posted on what you decide to do.
- Your actions threaten to destroy everything we’ve worked for.
PDF version: verb + object + to infinitive
VERB + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE
- ADVISE *
- We would advise you to follow the same path.
- The Administrative Board invites observers to attend its meetings.
- We were trying to persuade the witness to testify.
Advise, allow, encourage, forbid and permit can be followed by -ING too when there is no object.
- I would advise following the same path.
- We do not allow smoking.
PDF version: verbs + (object) + to infinitive
VERB + (OBJECT) + TO INFINITIVE
- I didn’t ask to work here.
- I didn’t ask you to work here.
- She begged him to read the story again.
- We expect the economy to improve.
- * We expect (that) the economy will improve.
PDF version: verb + infinitive (without to)
VERB + INFINITIVE (without to)
- MODAL VERBS: can, could, may, might, must, needn’t, shall, should, will, would.
- HELP (can be followed by the infinitive with or without to).
- MAKE and LET (+ OBJECT) are always followed by the infinitive without TO.
- You can borrow my shirt.
- She might go to Paris.
- She helped (to) organise the party.
- Don’t make me add this to the list.
- After you finish, let the students copy it.
4 thoughts on “The TO-INFINITIVE and -ING (part 1)”
Thanks so much for the recent resource that you send which will surely assist me in my teaching.
I look forward to receiving more resources that would come from your end in the near future.
Thank you, Joe!
I’m glad you liked the post, I’ll totally keep adding resources whenever I can ;-).
it is from a 40 year experience teacher of both Arabic and English: you are great, and, Please accept my admiration.
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Thank you Raafat Raouf, I am glad you find my website useful.