The 11th episode of English4Gamers is out! In this episode, we keep playing Donkey Kong Country (1994), a platforming video game. As always, I suggest that you read the vocabulary list before watching the episode. There is also a fill in the gaps exercise (with downloadable version and answers) to test your listening comprehension.
NEMESIS: an opponent or enemy that is very difficult to defeat.
Ex. The superhero fought her nemesis for years.
SCATTERED: placed or found far apart.
Ex.The toys were scattered all over the room.
PRECISE: exact and accurate.
Ex. Thanks to Marilyn’s precise directions, Louis and Natalie found the house without any problems.
HUGE: very large; very great in size, amount, or degree.
Ex. They live in a huge house.
TRICKY: difficult to deal with.
Ex. It’s tricky to learn to ride a skateboard, but you never forget how.
SEVERAL: more than two but not very many.
Ex. He arrived several hours ago.
TO RETRIEVE: to find and bring back something.
Ex. Linda hoped she would be able to retrieve her files after her computer crashed.
This is a listening activity based on the AJ+ video “The Story Behind Your Bowl Of Ramen Noodles”. I suggest that you read the following vocabulary list before watching the video. Then, watch the video and try to complete the sentences with the correct word from the box.
Migrant: a person who goes from one place to another especially to find work.
Ex. Economic migrants move abroad to escape poverty and improve their financial condition.
Labor: workers considered as a group.
Ex. We had this huge harvest, so we had to hire all this cheap labor.
Shortage: a state in which there is not enough of something that is needed. Ex. In many European countries, agricultural businesses complain about the shortageof skilled workers.
Consumption: the act of eating or drinking something. Ex. Alcohol consumption constitutes a major danger to road safety.
Uprising: an act of resistance or rebellion; a revolt. Ex. He weighed 38 kilos when he escaped from prison during the 1956 Hungarian uprisingand fled to the Netherlands.
To lead: to lie or go in a specified direction. Ex. This way will leadus to the main entrance for sure.
Affordable: inexpensive; reasonably priced. Ex. Railways have many benefits, as travelling by rail is affordable and environmentally friendly.
Lifestyle: the way a person lives or a group of people live. Ex. Technology, the internet, they have changed ourlifestyle.
Quintessential: the most important part of something. Ex. Sheep’s milk cheese is the quintessentialCorsican cheese.
Wealthy: having a lot of money and possessions. Ex. The fisheries sector may experience temporary crises even in some relatively wealthy countries.
To struggle: to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something. Ex. The police report even said that she struggled with her assailant and broke a few fingernails.
To afford: to be able to buy or do something because you have enough money or time. Ex. Tom told me that he couldn’t afford another divorce.
Deprivation:a situation in which you do not have things or conditions that are usually considered necessary for a pleasant life. Ex. She is studying the effects of sleepdeprivation.
To feed: to give food to. Ex. I usually feed the neighbour’scatwhile she’s away.
Malnourished: not eating enough food or not eating enough healthy food. Ex. Malnourished children experience developmental delays, weight-loss and illness as a result of inadequate intake of protein, calories, and other nutrients.
Fossil fuel: any combustible organic material, as oil, coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of former life. Ex. Brown coal is the only source of fossil fuel available in Slovenia.
Blemished: to make (something) imperfect or less beautiful; to hurt or damage the good condition of (something). Ex. The book is blemished by those long, ineffective descriptions.
Supplier: a company, person, etc. that provides things that people want or need, especially over a long period of time. Ex. Electricity customers should be able to choose their supplier freely.
To dump: to throw away or discard (garbage, etc.). Ex. The company dumped the toxic wastes into this canal.
To overflow: to flow over the edge or top of (something). Ex. The river overflowed its banks.
Complicit: involved with others in reprehensible or illegal activity. Ex. She wasaccusedof being complicitinher husband’sdeath.
To use up: to finish a supply of something. Ex. I’m sorry, I’ve used up all the milk.
Dumpster: a large metal container into which people put unwanted objects or building or garden waste, and which is brought to and taken away from a place by a special truck when people ask for it. Ex. I found your dad’s toolbox in the dumpster out back.
Subsidy: money that is paid usually by a government to keep the price of a product or service low or to help a business or organization to continue to function. Ex. The planned subsidy is EUR 3.3 million.
STOCKPILE => a large supply of something that is kept for future use
TO TORCH => to set fire to (something, such as a building) deliberately : to cause (something) to burn TRADE=> the activity or process of buying, selling, or exchanging goods or services STUNT=> something that is done to get attention or publicity TO BAN => to forbid, to prohibit; to say that something cannot be used or done TO POACH => to hunt or fish illegally