Wealthy: having a lot of money and possessions.
Ex. The fisheries sector may experience temporary crises even in some relatively wealthy countries.
To struggle: to experience difficulty and make a very great effort in order to do something.
Ex. The police report even said that she struggled with her assailant and broke a few fingernails.
To afford: to be able to buy or do something because you have enough money or time.
Ex. Tom told me that he couldn’t afford another divorce.
Deprivation: a situation in which you do not have things or conditions that are usually considered necessary for a pleasant life.
Ex. She is studying the effects of sleep deprivation.
To feed: to give food to.
Ex. I usually feed the neighbour’s cat while she’s away.
Malnourished: not eating enough food or not eating enough healthy food.
Ex. Malnourished children experience developmental delays, weight-loss and illness as a result of inadequate intake of protein, calories, and other nutrients.
Fossil fuel: any combustible organic material, as oil, coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of former life.
Ex. Brown coal is the only source of fossil fuel available in Slovenia.
Blemished: to make (something) imperfect or less beautiful; to hurt or damage the good condition of (something).
Ex. The book is blemished by those long, ineffective descriptions.
Supplier: a company, person, etc. that provides things that people want or need, especially over a long period of time.
Ex. Electricity customers should be able to choose their supplier freely.
To dump: to throw away or discard (garbage, etc.).
Ex. The company dumped the toxic wastes into this canal.
To overflow: to flow over the edge or top of (something).
Ex. The river overflowed its banks.
Complicit: involved with others in reprehensible or illegal activity.
Ex. She was accused of being complicit in her husband’s death.
To use up: to finish a supply of something.
Ex. I’m sorry, I’ve used up all the milk.
Dumpster: a large metal container into which people put unwanted objects or building or garden waste, and which is brought to and taken away from a place by a special truck when people ask for it.
Ex. I found your dad’s toolbox in the dumpster out back.
To toss: to throw, esp. lightly or carelessly.
Ex. She came in and tossed her coat on the chair.
Retailer: a person or business that sells things directly to customers for their own use.
Ex. The company is a leading retailer of women’s clothing.
Livestock: the horses, cattle, sheep, and other useful animals kept or raised on a farm or ranch.
Ex. This is a market where livestock is bought and sold.
Image sources: 1; 2; 3
Subsidy: money that is paid usually by a government to keep the price of a product or service low or to help a business or organization to continue to function.
Ex. The planned subsidy is EUR 3.3 million.
Downloadable PDV version: Why are we wasting so much food – vocabulary – Free English Materials For You
Answer the following questions:
- How much food does the world waste?
- What do you need to grow food?
- What are the foundations of our food system?
- Why can’t farmers sell all of what they have grown?
- What is the image created by supermarkets?
- How are redistributed some of this nutritious surplus?
- How should governments use the subsidies they offer?
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Listening Comprehension
Downloadable PDF version (with answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Vocabulary
Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words from the list below:
retailers – 30% – overflowing – wealthiest – fossil fuels – subsidies – feed – tossed – struggle – consumption – grown – customers – farmers – 1982 – wasted – tossing
- Even in the _____________nations millions suffer from food poverty.
- One in four Americans says they _________________to afford food.
- Over _________________ of America’s food or a hundred and sixty billion dollars worth get _________________ just by grocery stores and their customers.
- Growing food demands land, water, ________________, and soil.
- The tragedy is that some farmers can’t sell half of what they’ve____________ due to cosmetic standards dictated by supermarkets.
- Supermarkets purposefully create an image of
- […] meanwhile, over cautious date labels confused and frightened ______________ so they out what is still good to eat.
- From _____________to 2002, the average pizza slice grew 70% in calories and the average chocolate chip cookie quadrupled.
- Food donations from and restaurants are proven ways of redistributing some of this nutritious surplus while is still fit for .
- Instead of ________________ this food, supermarkets manufactures and caters must be pushed to directed charities that _____________ hungry people.
- Governments should use the vast ______________ they offer to incentivize to look after the land in ways that protect the planet.
Downloadable PDF version (without answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Fill in the gaps exercise (without answers)
Downloadable PDF version (answers): Why are we wasting so much food? – Fill in the gaps exercise (answers)