Splinter – Vocabulary (Intermediate – Advanced)

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Example sentences:

  • The splinter already hurts more than pulling it out.
  • They did pull over 50 glass splinters from her hands.
  • I landed on the glass. I’ve got splinters.

TO BACK UP

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Example sentences from the web:

  • Does the Council intend to back up the diplomatic work being carried out by Spain and the other Member States on this issue?
  • He is backed up by other professors at Copenhagen University, Kaj Sand-Jensen and Carsten Rahbek.
  • Everyone, back up a little bit here.
  • Could you back up a little to give me some room?

SYNONYMS

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Source

To concede – Vocabulary (advanced)

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Example sentences:

  • Steve had to concede the rival another victory.
  • The company was forced to concede that items of private data had been illegally stored.
  • I don’t concede that I’m being unreasonable for merely trying to be rational about our living arrangement.

Visual thesaurus (source: http://www.visualthesaurus.com)

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In the news:

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Source:  Adam Withnall Gambia election: President Yahya Jammeh in shock defeat to former Argos security guard Adama Barrow, Independent

17-01-2017-03-13-12

Source: Hardik Vyas, Independent

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Source:  in Chicago and in Washington, The Guardian

Listening comprehension – Overpopulation – The Human Explosion Explained Video by Kurzgesagt

As always, I suggest that you read the vocabulary list before watching the video. You can find a pdf version of this listening comprehension below.

VOCABULARY

  • To skyrocket: to rise extremely quickly or make extremely quick progress towards success.
    Ex. Lipstick sales in South Korea have skyrocketed this year.
  • Fourfold: four times as big or as much.
    Ex. According to recent figures, 34000 people are infected, and the most aggressive form of the virus, HIV 1, which was unknown in the country until the 1990s, has increased fourfold in the past 13 years. 
  • Slums: a poor and crowded area of a city where the buildings are in bad condition.kibera_slum_railway_tracks_nairobi_kenya_july_2012
  • Pollution: the process of making air, water, soil etc dangerously dirty and not suitable for people to use, or the state of being dangerously dirty.
    pollution_in_maracaibo_lake                       alfedpalmersmokestacks
  • To sustain: to provide what is needed for (something or someone) in order to live, to exist, to continue, etc.
    Ex. She wasn’t capable of sustaining close relationships with men. 
  • Ungrounded: not based on facts.
    Ex. The socioeconomic exclusion of women, based on ungrounded discriminatory social definitions of female and male roles, affects not only women and their human rights but also the development of sustainable economies and the protection of the natural environment. 
  • Unprecedented: never having happened before, or never having happened so much.
    We are confronted by an unprecedented situation. 
  • To overrun: to enter quickly and be present in (a place) in large numbers and unwanted.
    Ex. The enemies overran the city last night.overran.jpg

 

  • Worse off: having less money or being in a more difficult situation.
    Ex. The rent increases will leave us worse off. 
  • Sanitation: the systems for taking dirty water and other waste products away from buildings in order to protect people’s health.
    Ex. A lack of clean water and sanitation were the main problems. 
  • Goods: things that are produced to be sold. 
  • Widely: to a large degree; a lot; by a large number of people; in or to many places.
    Ex. Taking notes while listening to a lecture is an important strategy that students use widely for increasing attention and retaining content. 
  • Flourished: to grow or develop well.
    Ex. The Etruscans had flourished from the seventh to the first century B.C. 
  • Emancipation: the process of giving people social or political freedom and rights.
    Ex. Religious fundamentalisms have had a tremendous negative influence on the processes of women’s emancipation. 
  • Supply: the amount of something that is available to be used.
    We have a good and lasting supply of fresh water. 
  • To lead: to show someone where to go, usually by taking them to a place; to be in control of a group, country, or situation.
    Ex. Simplicity can lead to greatness and the concentration of one’s powers. 
  • To drop: if a level or amount drops, it becomes less.
    Ex. Temperatures will drop tomorrow after another scorching day. 
  • Spike: a sudden, rapid increase in something.
    Ex. Public Health officials in the region warned schools about a spike in flu viruses. 
  • To overlook: to see something wrong or bad but decide to ignore it.
    Ex. I don’t want to overlook any opportunity. 
  • To catch up: to do something that should have been done before.
    Ex. New Member States will have a unique possibility to catch up really fast and sometimes to avoid some of our previous mistakes. 
  • From scratch: from a point at which nothing has been done yet.
    Ex. Actually, maybe we should start again from scratch.

Answer the following questions:

  • How many people were living on Earth in 1940?
  • When was the legend of overpopulation born? 
  • What is the demographic transition? 
  • When did the first stage of the demographic transition occur? What happened in this century? 
  • What were the main features of the industrial revolution?
  • What were the main features of the second stage of the demographic transitions? 
  • What about the third stage? 
  • What is the average of children per family today?
  • How many years did it take developed countries to reduce fertility from more than 6 children to less than 3? What about Bangladesh?

PDF version with answers: overpopulation-the-human-explosion-explained-free-english-materials-for-you

 

TO CUT BACK ON

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Example sentences from the web: 

  • People are not having as many hours to work and they are being cut back on their working hours because of this issue.
  • You’ve drastically cut back on calories, but your body doesn’t stop burning them, so you may feel weak.
  • In recent years, the state began cutting back on costs because of the economy.

 

A labour of love – IDIOM

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Example sentences from the web:

  • He loved his garden and maintained it with great care. It was a real labour of love and it was a pleasure watching him work in the garden.
  • To establish a field site and balance research with family life was a labor of love: my wife, Claudia Valeggia, a biological anthropologist as well, was beginning her field research on the reproductive ecology of the Toba-Qom indigenous communities of northern Argentina. Source

Made in Colorado

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By Laura Keeney, The Denver Post, 12 April 2015

THE KINKS LYRICS

“Labour Of Love”

Marriage is a two-headed transplant,
Sometimes that’s how it seems.
When the sex wears off it’s all give and take,
And it’s good-bye to all your dreams.
One head wants to go to a movie
While the other wants to stay at home,
And just like a two-headed transplant
You get the feeling that you’re never alone.

Mr. and Mrs. Horrible are an example of what I say.
They used to be so in love, now they fight so much
That they’ve frightened all their friends away.
They never get visits from neighbors,
They’ve alienated everyone.
And what started off as all cuddles and kisses
Has finally become

A labour of love, labour of love.
The torment, the worry and woe,
Love’s full of fears, bruises and tears,
That’s the way that a true love grows.
It’s a labour of love, labour of love.
It’s a struggle, without a doubt,
But if they keep on trying, screaming and crying,
Somehow they’re gonna work it all out.

It turned into a two-headed transplant,
But it started off as “Here Comes the Bride.”
But cut off one of the heads and you’ll soon find out
That the other just couldn’t survive.
Because they couldn’t stand to be separated
They’re still each other’s to have and hold.
And anyone who thinks the transplant is easy
Really ought to be told

It’s a labour of love, labour of love.
The torments, the worries and whoas,
The battles, the fights, the bruises and bites,
That’s the way that a true love grows.

They took the vows, for better or worse,
And they had it blessed by heaven above,
But what started so brightly as a tender romance
Turned into a labour of love.
Turned into a labour of love.

To prick up one’s ears – IDIOM

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More example sentences from the web:

  • Keep your ears pricked, and let me know what people say about the deal.
  • When I said earlier that our present systems of export refunds cannot be made proof against fraud, you on the Commission ought really to have pricked up your ears, if you are really serious about protecting the tax revenues that we raise in the Member States.
  • Prick up your ears! I have an announcement to make!

A great deal of something – IDIOM

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“A great deal of something” – Example sentences from the web:

How to Succeed at Science—and at Life

[…] What advice would you give would-be scientists today?

It’s been a long time since anybody’s tried to marginalize me around a gender issue, but I am sensitive to the fact that for young women it’s not always easy still. And so I take a great deal of pleasure in trying to be supportive and encouraging, particularly when I think young women—and young men too, frankly—have a hard time seeing that they can become successful scientists and have a family life as well. […]
National Geographicpublished May 15, 2015

Exploring the Roots of Grayson Perry and His Varied Artwork

[…] Charles Saumarez Smith, secretary and chief executive of the Royal Academy of Arts in London, the 247-year-old artist-run institution to which Mr Perry was elected in 2011, said he viewed Mr Perry “more as a graphic artist than as a potter,” describing him as “a first-rate printmaker of extraordinary invention and imagination, with a great deal of intelligent social commentary.” […]
June 3, 2015