When one verb is followed by another, we use the -ing form or the infinitive (with or without to. The form of the second verb depends on the first verb ;-).
Let’s learn them!
I hope this post helps you :-).
PDF version: verb+ to infinitive
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VERB + TO INFINITIVE
- (CAN/CAN’T) AFFORD
- (CAN’T) WAIT
- She can’t afford to lose that vote.
- They agree to leave at 10:30 am.
- * They agree (that) they would leave at 10:30 am.
- We aim to launch next year.
- Keep me posted on what you decide to do.
- Your actions threaten to destroy everything we’ve worked for.
PDF version: verb + object + to infinitive
VERB + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE
- ADVISE *
- We would advise you to follow the same path.
- The Administrative Board invites observers to attend its meetings.
- We were trying to persuade the witness to testify.
Advise, allow, encourage, forbid and permit can be followed by -ING too when there is no object.
- I would advise following the same path.
- We do not allow smoking.
PDF version: verbs + (object) + to infinitive
VERB + (OBJECT) + TO INFINITIVE
- I didn’t ask to work here.
- I didn’t ask you to work here.
- She begged him to read the story again.
- We expect the economy to improve.
- * We expect (that) the economy will improve.
PDF version: verb + infinitive (without to)
VERB + INFINITIVE (without to)
- MODAL VERBS: can, could, may, might, must, needn’t, shall, should, will, would.
- HELP (can be followed by the infinitive with or without to).
- MAKE and LET (+ OBJECT) are always followed by the infinitive without TO.
- You can borrow my shirt.
- She might go to Paris.
- She helped (to) organise the party.
- Don’t make me add this to the list.
- After you finish, let the students copy it.