Nuclear Energy Explained – How does it work? – Listening activity

Video made by In a Nutshell, a Munich-based YouTube channel, and design studio.

In my opinion, this is a very informative channel, great for English students and teachers. This is why I suggest that you check it out: In a Nutshell.

The video I picked for today’s lesson is about nuclear energy and it’s the first of a trilogy. It won’t take you long to watch it since it lasts about 5 minutes. As always, you should read the vocabulary list before watching the video. After that, you can test your listening comprehension answering some questions.

For teachers:

Before watching the video, I suggest that you ask your students what do they know about Nuclear Energy and what do they think are the pros and cons of it. Are they against or for nuclear energy? Can they justify their answer? Ask them to write down their reasons and if you have enough time, made a mind map with all the pros and cons.

VOCABULARY

  • Frustrating: making you feel annoyed or less confident because you cannot achieve what you want.
    Ex. It’s frustrating when you’re not on the same page.

  • Get/come to grips with something: to start to deal with a problem, situation, or job that you have to do.
    Ex. We need to get to grips with our different world views.

  • Spin-off: something useful that results from work done to produce something else.
    Ex. The World Summit on the Information Society produced valuable results; it also had a spin-off, a focusing effect.

  • On your feet: in a good position or condition.
    Ex. Experts say the economy should be back on its feet any year now.

  • Hangover:  a letdown, as after a period of excitement.
    Ex. The students hadn’t recovered from their summer break hangover yet and did terribly on their first test.

  • To stick with something: to continue to do or use something, and not change it.
    Ex. If you’ve found something that makes you happy, you should stick with it.

  • To skyrocket: to increase quickly to a very high level or amount.
    Ex. Housing prices have skyrocketed in recent months.

  • Dazzling: very attractive or exciting.
    Ex. The actor has had a dazzling career.

  • Pace: the speed at which something happens.
    Ex. Since the elections of 1998, the pace of reform has been impressive.

  • Underdog: in a competition, the person or team considered to be the weakest and the least likely to win.
    Ex. It was a surprise to everyone when the underdog won the match.

  • Nuclear fission: a process in which the nucleus of a heavy atom is split apart.

    nuclear fission visual.png

    Image source
  •  On the brink of: extremely close to.
    Ex. Eagleton is on the brink of an epic financial disaster.

  •  Turbine: an engine that has a part with blades that are caused to spin by pressure from water, steam, or air.
  • To threaten:  to be likely to harm or destroy something.
    Ex. Difficulties experienced by an individual institution may affect other banks in a way which could threaten the banking system as a whole.

  •  Drawn-out: continuing for or taking a long time.

    Ex. The network doesn’t want a long, drawn-out trial.

Downloadable PDF version: VOCABULARY – Nuclear Energy Explained

After watching the video, try to answer the following questions:

1. What did private companies think about nuclear power?
2. When did nuclear power’s success finally come?
3. What were the advantages of the light water reactor?
4. What does a water reactor do?
5. Is the water reactor the safest one?
6. What happened in 1979?
7. When did the Chernobyl catastrophe take place?
8. What’s the situation today?

Downloadable PDF version (Questions): NUCLEAR ENERGY EXPLAINED – Questions

Downloadable PDF version (Answers): NUCLEAR ENERGY EXPLAINED – Answers


 

 

Advertisements

English4Gamers – Episode 11 – Donkey Kong Country

The 11th episode of English4Gamers is out! In this episode, we keep playing Donkey Kong Country (1994), a platforming video game. As always, I suggest that you read the vocabulary list before watching the episode. There is also a fill in the gaps exercise (with downloadable version and answers) to test your listening comprehension.

VOCABULARY LIST - episode 11 - English4Gamers - Free English Materials For You - Donkey Kong Country.jpg

  • NEMESIS: an opponent or enemy that is very difficult to defeat.
    Ex. 
    The superhero fought her nemesis for years.
  • SCATTERED: placed or found far apart.
    Ex.
     The toys were scattered all over the room.
  • PRECISE: exact and accurate.
    Ex. 
    Thanks to Marilyn’s precise directions, Louis and Natalie found the house without any problems.
  • HUGE: very large; very great in size, amount, or degree.
    Ex. 
    They live in a huge house.
  • TRICKY: difficult to deal with.
    Ex. 
    It’s tricky to learn  to ride a skateboard, but you never forget how.
  • SEVERAL: more than two but not very many.
    Ex. 
    He arrived several hours ago.
  • TO RETRIEVE: to find and bring back something.
    Ex. 
    Linda hoped she would be able to retrieve her files after her computer crashed.

Downloadable PDF version: English4Gamers – Episode 11 – Donkey Kong Country – Vocabulary

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words from the box

Box - words (9)

  1. R: You will find ___________________, octopuses, and normal fish.

  2. A: I’ve___________________a secret passage.

  3. R: There is the ___________________ under that rock.

  4. R: You can still ___________________ him… follow him.

  5. R: With the ___________________ button you attack with your ___________________ .

  6. R: So, this is the last level before the ___________________.

  7. A: I really don’t like these jumping ___________________.

  8. A: They’re ___________________ everywhere.

  9. R: You can die many times if you want to, but it’s good because this is a very hard game so … It’s ___________________.

  10. A: Do I have to ___________________ the boss?!?

  11. R: Often the boss is a bigger version of a normal enemy … So … Like a ___________________ crocodile, a huge shark.

  12. R: You see … Every time you ___________________ on him, he gets faster and faster.

Downloadable PDF version: English4Gamers -Episode 11 – Donkey Kong Country – Fill in the gaps

Downloadable PDF version (answers): English4Gamers – Episode 11 – Donkey Kong Country – Answers

 

Listening Activity – Jane Austen

This is a listening activity based on The School of Life’s short video (about 7 minutes long) “LITERATURE – Jane Austen”. This activity is aimed at students who have an English level between B2 and C1 (Upper Intermediate and Advanced).

I suggest that you read the following vocabulary list before watching the video. Under the video, there are two exercises (with answers) and a writing practice suggestion. 

VOCABULARY 

  • AMBITIOUS: having a desire to be successful, powerful, or famous; having ambition.
    Ex. She was ambitious enough to aim for the company’s presidency.
     
  • STERN: very serious; severe.
    Ex. Journalists received a stern warning not to go anywhere near the battleship.
     
  • CONSCIOUS: awake, thinking, and knowing what is happening around you.
    Ex. When I took the exam, I was conscious that my parents were expecting a lot of me.

  • DIGNIFIED: serious and somewhat formal; having or showing dignity.
    Ex. Even when very old, he was very dignified in appearance.

  • WELL OFF: moderately rich.
    Ex. They must be well off if they can afford to buy a house there!
     
  • TEMPTED: to want something or to want to do something.
    Ex. “Would you like some more pie?” “I’m tempted, but no thank you.”

  • STRUGGLE: a long effort to do, achieve, or deal with something that is difficult or that causes problems.
    Ex. The people of this country will continue in their struggle for independence.
     
  • TO CONDEMN: to say in a strong and definite way that someone or something is bad or wrong.
    Ex. We strongly condemn this attack against our allies.
     
  • TO OVERCOME: to prevail over (opposition, a debility, temptations, etc.); surmount.
    Ex. To overcome one’s weaknesses.

  • INCOME: money that is earned from work, investments, business, etc.
    Ex. He has a very high annual income.
     
  • TO FELL APART: to break into pieces (often used figuratively).
    Ex. I feel as if my family is falling apart.
     
  • TO SUPPLY: to furnish or provide (something wanting or requisite).
    Ex. To supply a community with electricity.
     
  • WEALTH: a large amount of money or valuable possessions that someone has.
    Ex. The wealth of a city. 
  • ELUSIVE: hard to find or capture.
    Ex. Police are trying to track down the elusive criminal, who has so far avoided all their attempts to capture him.

  • SNOBBISH: like a snob (a person who respects and likes only people who are of a high social class).
    Ex. He’s a snobbish rich kid.

  • GREED: a selfish desire to have more of something (especially money).
    Ex. He was a ruthless businessman, motivated by naked ambition and greed.

Downloadable PDF version: JANE AUSTEN – Vocabulary

Watch the video and answer the following questions

  1. Austen wanted to change people with her novels. How did she want them to become?
  2. When is Jane Austen born and where?
  3. How was the writer’s family social status?
  4. Did she get married?
  5. What’s Jane’s sister name?
  6. How many novels did Jane complete?
  7. What are the titles of the novels she completed?
  8. What are the four main things Jane Austen wanted to teach us?
  9. In Jane Austen’s opinion marriage depends on two factors, do you remember them?
  10. Name the two mistakes people make around money according to Jane Austen.

Writing practice suggestion

  1. Write Jane Austen’s main opinions concerning love, marriage, judging people, money, and being snobbish. Do you agree or disagree with the writer?
    Justify your answer.

Downloadable PDF version: Jane Austen – Listening comprehension

Downloadable PDF version: Jane Austen – Listening comprehension with answers

Watch the video then fill in the gaps in the following sentences

  1. Jane Austen is loved mainly as a guide to fashionable life in the _____________ period, but her own vision of her task was radically different.
  2. She was an ambitious and ______________ moralist.
  3. Born in _____________, Austen grew up in a small village in Hampshire, where her father was the Anglican _________________.
  4. She did much of her writing at a ______________ octagonal table.
  5. The _______________ was her chosen weapon in the struggle to reform humanity.
  6. ________________ starts of feeling superior because he has more money and higher status.
  7. The story ______________ them because they have developed well.
  8. ______________________________ starts when quiet, shy Fanny Price goes to live with her much richer cousins, the Bertrams.
  9. In Pride and Prejudice, she explains that Mr. _________________ has an income of _________________ pounds a year –that’s rather a lot- while Darcy has more than twice that.
  10. At one point in _______________________________, it looks like Elinor Dashwood and Edward Ferrars who are otherwise well suited won’t be able to get married.
  11. In Emma, the heroine –Emma herself- takes ______________________ -a pretty girl from the village- under her wing.

Downloadable PDF version: Jane Austen – Fill in the gaps exercise

Downloadable PDF version: Jane Austen – Fill in the gaps exercise answers

 

English4Gamers – Episode 10 – Doom

The 10th episode of English4Gamers is out! In this episode, we keep playing Doom (1993), a science fiction horror-themed first-person shooter videogame by id Software. As always, I suggest that you read the vocabulary list before watching the episode. There is also a fill in the gaps exercise (with downloadable version and answers) to test your listening comprehension.

VOCABULARY LIST - episode 10 - English4Gamers - Free English Materials For You - Doom.jpg

  • TO PICK UP: to take hold of and lift up.
    pick up
  • AHEAD: in or toward the front. 
  • KEY CARD: a plastic card, similar to a credit card, containing data on an embedded magnetised strip that can electronically unlock a door, activate a machine, etc.Keycard
  • ON PURPOSE: in a way that is planned or intended.

Downloadable PDF versionEnglish4Gamers Episode 10 – Doom – Vocabulary

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words from the box

Box - words (8)

  1. Richard: And today we ______________ playing Doom.

  2. Richard: We ______________two new weapons.

  3. Richard: So … Try this weapon. If you don’t like it, you ______________ to the
    shotgun.

  4. Richard: You see? They’re __________  you.

  5. Anna: I feel so ______________ with this gun.

  6. Richard: You can’t go here because you need a blue ______________.

  7. Richard: Go ______________ and turn right.

  8. Anna: Just because I have this gun, not because I’m good ______________.

  9. Richard: Okay, let’s use the _____________ instead.

  10. Anna: Come on! You want to die. Noooooo … Use the other one, don’t be ______________.

  11. Richard: There is a ______________ over here, a red button.

  12. Anna: It’s ______________. Where is the light switch?

Downloadable PDF version: English4Gamers – Episode 10 – Doom – Fill in the Gaps Ex.

Answers: English4Gamers – Episode 10 – Doom – Answers

English4Gamers – Episode 9 – Donkey Kong Country

Last Tuesday Richard published the 9th episode of English4Gamers. Unfortunately, I was a bit busy last week 😦 and I didn’t manage to share it with you. As always, I wrote a vocabulary list and I suggest that you read it before watching the video. This time, we decided to play Donkey Kong Country, a 1994 platforming videogame published by Nintendo. The game is set on an island and the protagonists are Donkey Kong and his nephew Diddy Kong. They must recover their stolen hoard of bananas stolen by the Kremlings (anthropomorphic crocodilians). You can test your listening skills with a fill in the gaps exercise.

VOCABULARY 

CROCODILE: croc-th

TO PICK: to take something with your fingers; to gather together; to collect.
They were picking strawberries last week.

TO DEFEAT: to win against someone in a fight, war, or competition.
We must be ready to defeat our enemies in battle.

TO ROLL: to move forward while turning over and over.
rolling.jpg

 

 

 

 

BARREL: barrel

STORYLINE: the plot of a book, film, play, etc.

SUPPLY: the amount of something that is available to be used.
Ex. We have three months’ supply of tuna to eat.

RHINO: rhinoceros.
rhino-gray-th.png

TO SWITCH: to make a change from one thing to another.
Ex. After the bank robbery, the gang switched cars.

ROPE: a strong, thick string that is made by twisting many thin strings or fibres together.
Ex. She made a knot in the rope.
rope.png
    

TO SWING: to move backwards and forward or from side to side while hanging from something.
swing

WASP: a flying insect, often black and yellow, that can sting.
wasp.png

BEE: a yellow and black flying insect that makes honey and can sting you.
bee

TIP: a useful suggestion.
Bob gave us some tips about travelling in Italy.

CAVE: a hollow or natural passage under or into the earth, especially one with an opening to the surface.
cave.png

SWORDFISH: 12065772261888188981yves_guillou_swordfish_1.svg.med.png

Downloadable PDF version: English4Gamers Episode 9 Donkey Kong County

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words:

Box - words (7).jpg

  1. R: I finished it _______________times.
  2. R: What kind of _______________ do we have here?
  3. R: Basically, you are versus _______________.
  4. A: How many_______________do we have?
  5. A: How can you _______________ enemies?
  6. R: Or you jump over them or you _______________.

  7. A: Is there a _________________?
  8. R: You are Donkey Kong. You live in this_______________. One day, this crocodile, the Crocodile King came to your island and stole all your bananas.
  9. A: Yeah … My secret supply of _______________ hidden somewhere … He’s found it and …
  10. R: It’s a _______________ hard game, I must say.
  11. R: When you _______________ three of them … oh … I’ve just failed … When you pick three of them you gain a bonus _______________ where you can get more lives.
  12. A: But it’s difficult. I cannot see _______________.
  13. R: This is the first _______________, you have to collect four of them.
  14. A: I don’t like _______________ … This is _______________ rain. I want a sunny day.
  15. A: No, the big one is a _______________.
  16. R: This is a _______________, right? Not a bee.
  17. A: Bees are really nice and _______________ actually.
  18. A: Did you just _______________ at the exit?
  19. A: I like that they’re _______________ together.
  20. R: This is our _______________ probably, who give you tips and …
  21. R: This is a _______________ – level.
  22. A: You have to take your _______________.

Downloadable PDF version (without answers):English4Gamers – Episode 9 – Donkey Kong Country – Fill in the gaps

Downloadable PDF version (answers):English4Gamers Donkey Kong Country Answers

 

“To have a heart of gold” – English idiom

have a heart of gold meaning - English idiom- Free English Materials For You - femfy

Heart of Gold – Neil Young

“Heart Of Gold” -Lyrics

I want to live,
I want to give
I’ve been a miner for a heart of gold.
It’s these expressions
I never give
That keep me searching for a heart of gold.And I’m getting old.
Keep me searching for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.

I’ve been to Hollywood
I’ve been to Redwood
I crossed the ocean for a heart of gold.
I’ve been in my mind,
It’s such a fine line
That keeps me searching for a heart of gold.

And I’m getting old.
Keeps me searching for a heart of gold
And I’m getting old.

Keep me searching for a heart of gold.
You keep me searching and I’m growing old.
Keep me searching for a heart of gold
I’ve been a miner for a heart of gold.

Heart of Gold – Birdy

Listening activity: http://lyricstraining.com/play/birdy/heart-of-gold/HDLkEvrzfD

Everyday objects, tragic histories by Ziyah Gafić – Listening activity

Vocabulary list

COMB          pink-comb-clipart-1

GENOCIDE: the deliberate killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group.

MUNDANE:  common; ordinary; banal; unimaginative.
Ex. Mundane matters such as paying bills and shopping for food do not interest her.

ABOUT + INFINITIVE: very close to doing something.
Ex. The chorus is about to sing.

TO RECOVER: to get back something lost or spent.
Ex. We have to recover the stolen watch.

GRAVE: a hole in the ground for burying a dead body.

CIVILIAN: a person who is not a member of the police or the armed forces.
Ex. What is more, bombs have been directed at civilian targets, in flagrant violation of the international humanitarian law.

FORENSICS: the study or science of solving crimes by using scientific knowledge or methods.

TOWARDS: in the direction of.
Ex. The bus is heading towards town.

REMNANT: the part of something that is left when the other parts are gone.

TO FADE: to (cause to) lose colour, brightness, or strength gradually.
Ex. These dreams of yours fade like smoke.

EVIDENCE: material that is presented to a court of law to help find the truth about something.

OUT OF SIGHT OUT OF MIND: The idea that something is easily forgotten or dismissed as unimportant if it is not in our direct view.

UNBIASED: fair; impartial.
Ex. By all accounts, Mr. Smith appears to be an unbiased expert in his field.

AWARENESS: knowledge that something exists, or understanding of a situation or subject at the present time based on information or experience.
Ex. To do this requires considerable awareness and commitment.

TO DECAY: to become decomposed; rot; to deteriorate.
Ex. The bodies buried in the fine ash slowly decayed.

Downloadable PDF version:EVERYDAY OBJECTS, TRAGIC HISTORIES – Ziyah Gafić – TED Talks – Vocabulary

 Video without subtitles:
https://embed-ssl.ted.com/talks/ziyah_gafic_everyday_objects_tragic_histories.html

Video with English subtitles:
https://embed-ssl.ted.com/talks/lang/en/ziyah_gafic_everyday_objects_tragic_histories.html

Fill in the gaps in the following sentences with the correct words from the box

Box - words (6)

1.      These are simple objects: clocks, keys, ________________, glasses. 
2.      We are all familiar with these ________________, everyday objects.
3.      The fact that some of the ________________ carried personal ________________ such as toothpaste and a toothbrush is a clear sign they had no idea what was about to happen to them.
4.      These items have been recovered from numerous mass ________________ across my homeland, and as we speak, forensics are ________________bodies from newly discovered mass graves, 20 years after the war.
5.      During the four years of conflict that devastated the Bosnian nation in the early ’90s, approximately 30,000 citizens, mainly ________________, went missing, presumed killed, and another 100,000 were killed during combat operations.
6.      Most of them were killed either in the early days of the war or________________the end of the hostilities, when U.N. safe zones like Srebrenica fell into the hands of the Serb army.
7.      The international criminal tribunal delivered a number of sentences for crimes against humanity and ________________.
8.      Genocide is not only about the killing; it is about the denied ________________.
9.      These items are ________________ from numerous mass graves, and the main goal of this collection of the items is a unique process of ________________ those who disappeared in the killings, the first act of genocide on European soil since the Holocaust.
10.  Thousands of artifacts are packed in white plastic ________________ just like the ones you see on CSI. These objects are used as a forensic tool in visual identification of the victims, but they are also used as very valuable forensic ________________ in the ongoing war crimes trials.
11.  Once the ________________ and doctors and lawyers are done with these objects, they become orphans of the narrative. Many of them get destroyed, believe it or not, or they get simply shelved, out of sight and out of ________________.
12.  Once all the missing persons are identified, only ________________ bodies in their graves and these everyday items will remain.

Downloadable PDF version (without answers): EVERYDAY OBJECTS, TRAGIC HISTORIES – Ziyah Gafić – Fill in the gaps

Downloadable PDF version (answers):EVERYDAY OBJECTS, TRAGIC HISTORIES – Ziyah Gafić – TED Talks – Answers